Timur was the paternal great-great-great grandfather of Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire. The poet Daulatshah reported that Miran Shah also ordered the tomb of the historian Rashid-al-Din Hamadani be dismantled and for his bones to be re-interred in a Jewish cemetery. All of these claimants to the Timurid throne, with the exception of Shah Rukh, were dead by 1410. Timur’s legacy is a mixed one. Mironshoh, Jaloliddin Amiranshoh (1366—1408) — Amir Temurning 3-o'g'lidir va u otasiga koplab janglarda yordam korsatga.Mirza Miran Shah Beg (1366 – 16?April 1408) (Persian: میران شاہ‎) was a son of Timur, and a Timurid governor during his father's lifetime.Miran Shah's first charge was a vast region centered on Qandahar, which he was granted in 1383. Timur's appointed successor Pir Muhammad was quickly cast aside, and Khalil gained control of Samarkand. He died there in 1411. Mirza Jalal-ud-din Miran Shah Beg (1366 – 20 April 1408), commonly known as Miran Shah (Persian: میران شاہ‎), was a son of the Central Asian conqueror Timur, founder of the Timurid Empire. As a result, in 1394 the founder of the movement, Fazlallah Astarabadi, had been arrested and executed on Timur's orders by his son Miran Shah. Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/Persian: خلیل سلطان‎) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 18 February 1405 to 1409. Stories were heard in the imperial court of chaotic gambling, drinking bouts held within mosques and gold coins being scattered from palace windows to frenzied mobs. This dominion, which Timur termed "the throne of Hulagu", was bestowed upon Miran Shah. Miran Shah, who supposedly laughed while decapitation the prince, later explained his actions were due to excessive drinking. Miran Shah, son of Timur; 1409. [24], Though Abu Bakr had managed to escape,[25] Miran Shah was struck down during the battle by a Turkoman chief who, having not recognised the prince, had stripped and looted his body. He distinguished himself during the campaign in India and in 1402 […] Khalil decided to surrender to Shahrukh Mirza, who had captured Shad Mulk. Biography During Timur’s lifetime, Khalil Sultan gained Timur’s particular favor. In the struggle that followed Timur's death in 1405, his son Aba Bakr managed to oust Jalayirid forces from Tabriz and Miran Shah reestablished himself in Azerbaijan. Miramshah was named after the Timurid ruler, Miran Shah, the son of Timur. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur. His wife committed suicide shortly after his death. Genealogy profile for MIRAN SHAH MIRAN SHAH (deceased) - Genealogy Genealogy for MIRAN SHAH (deceased) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. [19][20], The latter proclaimed himself emperor at Tashkent soon after his grandfather's death and seized the royal treasury, as well as Timur's imperial capital Samarqand. [6], However Miran Shah, who had been suffering from mental issues following a fall from his horse several years earlier, began to show increasingly destructive tendencies during his rule. [12] The death of their leader led al-Hurufi's followers to have a specific hatred against the Timurids. This was likely due to Miran Shah, who posed a serious threat as he, along with his other son Abu Bakr, had led an army out of Azerbaijan in support of Khalil Sultan. [11] Miran Shah was instructed to arrest the founder of the movement Fazlallah Astarabadi al-Hurufi who was, according to legend, executed by the prince himself. Sevin Beg Khanzada (c. 1360 – 1411) also known as Khanzada, was a princess of the Sufi dynasty, the ruling Turco-Mongol dynasty of Khwarezm, and daughter-in-law twice-over to the Central Asian conqueror Timur through her marriages to his sons Jahangir and Miran Shah.Through her maternal grandfather Jani Beg, she was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan. Miran Shah and Abu Bakr attempted to retake the city in the Battle of Sardrud on the 20 April 1408, but were decisively defeated by the joint efforts of the Turkomans and Jalayirids. [26], harvtxt error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWoods1990 (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Miran_Shah&oldid=995154830, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Daulatgaldi Agha — daughter of Payanda Sultan, son of Jahangir Barlas, Rajab Sutlan Begum, married to Sa'd Waqas (son of, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 15:06. [4][5] Several years later, the last of the Kartids, Ghiyas-uddin's son Pir Muhammad, was killed by Miran Shah in a banquet that the latter hosted. Miran Shah was the son of Timur Lenk, the leader of the Timurid Empire, and aided him in his conquest of the Middle East after 1370.He conquered the Kartid Empire of Afghanistan in 1383, and was made the Governor of Persia. He held on grimly and finally liquidated the Kurds in 1394 after fierce fighting. According to details, the meeting was addressed by PTM chief Manzoor Pashteen, North and South Waziristan lawmakers Ali Wazir and Mohsin Dawar including former PPP senator Farhatullah Babar, former ANP leader Afrasiab Khattak and Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami […] During Timur's lifetime, Khalil Sultan gained Timur's particular favor. Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Philip P. Weisberg, 59.206.10 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 59.206.10_acetate_bw.jpg) Muhammad Mirza was the sixth son of Miran Shah, himself the third son of Timur. Transoxiana was then given to Shahrukh Mirza's son Ulugh Beg. [4], Khalil's rule in Samarkand finally ended when Shahrukh Mirza entered the city unopposed on May 13, 1409. In the early 1950s, the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and the "Tochi Scouts" of Pakistan's paramilitary Frontier Corps carried out counter-insurgency operations from Miramshah Airfield and Miramshah Fort against the insurgency fomented by the rebellious … [10], In 1394, Timur entered a conflict with members of a Sufi sect known as the Hurufis. Khalil Sultan : biography 1384 – November 4, 1411 Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 1405 to 1409. Miran Shah had alluded in letters about his father's increasing age and doubts about Timur's continued capabilities of ruling. Miran Shah was buried alongside his father in the Gur-e-Amir in Samarqand. Jahan Sultan Agha, daughter of Ali Mirza Arlat; Muhammad Bahadur Mirza - Jahan Sultan Agha; Muhammad Bayqara Mirza - Shad Malik Agha; Khichak Agha, Shirin Beg Agha - with Jahan Sultan Agha; Sultan Badi-al-Mulk Agha - with Shad Malik Agha, married to, This page was last edited on 25 June 2019, at 21:40. Of Timur's four sons, two (Jahangir and Umar Shaykh) predeceased him. April 1408) (Persian: میران شاہ ‎) was a son of Timur, and a Timurid governor during his father's lifetime.Miran Shah's first charge was a vast region centered around Qandahar, which he was granted in 1383.That same year, he destroyed a rebellion against Timurid authority by the Kartids, then vassals of Timur in Khurasan under their leader Ghyas al-Din. Here Prince Tahir, son of Sultan Ahmad Jalayir, had been besieged by Miran Shah before being relieved by George VI of Georgia, the combined forces of whom defeated the Timurid army. Chief among these was his inability to capture the fortress of Alinja from the Jalairid Sultanate in 1395. Having tied a rope around his neck, Miran Shah appeared before the emperor and begged for his forgiveness. The two princes drove out Jalayir at Tabriz before being forced to contend with another former enemy: Qara Yusuf, ruler of the Black Sheep Turkomans. [2], Miran Shah was born in 1366, the third of Timur's four sons. This was said to be due to the latter's Semitic descent. The latter had considerable influence over Khalil, convincing him to appoint people of so-called low birth to high positions at the expense of the nobility. Sultan Muhammad, son of Miran Shah, 1875-1900. Shortly thereafter, the Turkoman ruler sent Miran Shah's head and body, along with his own condolences, to Shah Rukh, who had emerged the victor in the war of succession. [16][17], Worries had also been raised for the emperor regarding his son's loyalty. He received his wife back, and was appointed governor of Ray. There are doubts however regarding this claim, since Miran Shah was purported to have had an interest in Muslim historic literature. Official histories only state that Miran Shah made crude accusations against her that were later disproved. Umar Shaikh, his second son was slain by an arrow shot by the Kurds. A famine caused him to be even more despised. According to Abu'l Fazl, the Grand Vizier of his descendant Akbar, Muhammad Mirza's mother was Mihr Nush of the Fulad Qiya tribe. Khanzada reported her husband's rebellious intentions as well as complaining about her mistreatment at his hands. [2], Meanwhile, Shahrukh Mirza, who was ruling in Herat, also decided to press his claims. In the early 1950s, the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and the “Tochi Scouts” of Pakistan’s paramilitary Frontier Corps carried out counter-insurgency operations … Qara Yusuf then had his head impaled before the walls of Tabriz to induce the cities inhabitants to surrender. Timur appoints his son Miran Shah as Timurid viceroy of Azerbaijan. This is a Latin transcription of a letter from Timur to Charles VI, and another from Miran Shah, his son, to the Christian princes, announcing their victory over Bayezid I at Smyrna. His friends and advisers, among whom were well known figures, were severely punished, with some being executed for the alleged crime of corrupting the prince and leading him astray. Following Timur's death in 1405, Miran Shah became embroiled in the ensuing war of succession, having thrown his support behind his son Khalil Sultan. Shams-i-Jahan, however, had Khudaidad Hussain executed for his treason to Khalil and returned Khalil his kingdom. Although his designated successor was his grandson Pir Muhammad b. Jahangir, Timur was ultimately succeeded in power by his son Shah Rukh. [16] Miran Shah, without posing any difficulties, returned with them to face his father, who had by this point arrived in Soltaniyeh to confront him. Miran Shah was commanded to avenge this defeat and routed the enemy force, pursuing the fleeing soldiers as far as Derbent, the frontier of the Golden Horde. His mother was a concubine, Mengli Khatun, daughter of Hayut of the Jauni Qurban tribe. He was later killed whilst battling against the Timurid's traditional rivals, the Qara Qoyunlu. "[15], In addition to this, Timur had concerns regarding unrest and taxation problems in Miran Shah's domains, as well as the prince's military failures. By collaborating on equal terms with the Sultan Ahmed Jalayir against the Timurids, Qara Yusuf effectively secured the independence of the Kara Koyunlu.] 25th Punjabis (now 9 Punjab, Pakistan Army) regimental band at Miram Shah, NWFP, 1917. Nevertheless, the angry Khanzada never returned to her husband and remained with Timur in Samarqand. In 1396 Tamerlane appointed his son Miran Shah as viceroy of Azerbaijan. Property Value; dbo:abstract Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/Persian: خلیل سلطان‎) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 18 February 1405 to 1409. Mirza Jalal-ud-din[1] Miran Shah Beg (1366 – 20 April 1408), commonly known as Miran Shah (Persian: میران شاہ‎), was a son of the Central Asian conqueror Timur, founder of the Timurid Empire. Timur was said to have been at the point of ordering his son's execution, only refraining due to the intercession of his relatives and nobles. [16], Timur had never unambiguously appointed an heir, so at the time of his death in February 1405, a succession dispute erupted among his surviving sons and grandsons. Upon Timur's death in 1405 Khalil viewed himself as his successor. [5], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khalil_Sultan&oldid=903468176, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur. [3] However, Persian historian Khwandamir instead claims that Khudaidad Hussain began a civil war against Khalil and took him prisoner, delivering him along with his territory to eastern Chagatai Khan Shams-i-Jahan (r. 1399–1408). His third son, Miran Shah, died soon after Timur, leaving the youngest son, Shah Rukh. Tokhtamysh, the Khan of the Golden Horde and Timur's erstwhile ally, sent his army against the invading force and defeated their advance-guard, resulting in the loss of forty of Timur's officers. A miniatur e painting (dated 1702-1712) of Timur , his descendants and the Mughal emper ors. His grandson Abu Sa'id Mirza eventually came to rule the majority of Transoxiana in the latter half of the 15th century. The Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement (PTM) held a public gathering in Miranshah, the capital of North Waziristan, on Sunday. In 1383, the head of the former royal family, Ghiyas-uddin Pir 'Ali, became complicit in a plot against Timur. The kingdom was then under the rule of the Kartid dynasty, who quickly submitted to Timur's army. [23], In 1406, Qara Yusuf defeated the Timurids at the Battle of Nakhchivan and captured Tabriz. Miran the Pious (1366-16 April 1408) was a general of the Timurid Empire, and the son of Timur. January 1 – The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English. Some of Tokhtamysh's most distinguished followers were taken captive, who were then escorted by Miran Shah to his father's winter quarters in Qarabagh, where they were presented to Timur in chains. [14], Reports eventually started reaching Timur of his son's behaviour. [9] Timur sent Miran Shah who, after a protracted siege of several months, had Tus sacked and razed, with the city suffering a heavy death toll. Ulugh Beg becomes governor of Samarkand. He decided to return to the Ferghana Valley with his former mentor, Khudaidad Hussain, who went to Moghulistan (the realm of the eastern Chagatai Khans) in an attempt to win their support. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur. Timur was also the founder of the dynasty that the Mughals belonged to. Ruy González de Clavijo, the Castilian ambassador to Timur's court, claimed that the prince had ancient buildings destroyed, supposedly so that it would be known that "Miran Shah did nothing himself, but he ordered the finest works in the world to be demolished". He got the news that his son Miran Shah had faced a crushing defeat at the hands of the new Georgian King Jorgi VI … Venice buys the port of … Opaque watercolor and gold on paper, sheet: 19 5/8 x 11 3/4 in. Miran Shah quickly crushed the rebellion and annexed the Kartid capital of Herat, which he made his viceregal seat. December 2 – The University of Leipzig opens. [13], By 1393, Timur had conquered all the lands that had formerly been part of the Mongol Ilkhanate. [18] Instead, Miran Shah was deposed from his lands and assigned to Timur's own retinue, where he would remain for the next four years. Sultan Husayn Tayichiud, a maternal grandson of Timur as well as Miran Shah's son-in-law,[21] also made a bid for the throne before aligning himself with Khalil Sultan. Miran Shah's excessive lifestyle evidently took its toll on his health, as he was described by Clavijo as "big and fat, and he suffers much from the gout. Abu Sa'id Mirza was born in 1424, the second son of the Timurid prince Muhammad Mirza by his wife Shah Islam. Feb 27, 2017 - Sultan Muhammad Mirza, sixth son of Miran Shah [3], In 1380, prior to his conquest of Khorasan, Timur pre-emptively named Miran Shah (at this point fourteen years old) governor of the region. Miran Shah in particular was considered to be the Dajjal (Antichrist) and was further mocked as Maran Shah (King of Snakes). Daulatshah states that Timur was moved to tears when Khanzada presented to him her blood-stained chemise, though this episode was not confirmed in contemporary sources. During his father's reign, Miran Shah was initially a powerful regional governor and prominent military commander, having aided Timur in his conquests as well as suppressing several revolts. He distinguished himself during the campaign in India and in 1402 was given rule of the Ferghana Valley. Nevertheless, Khalil's position began to weaken. The death of their leader led Astarabadi's followers to have a specific hatred against the Timurids. Though never ruling in his own right, the line of Miran Shah played a prominent role in the history of the Timurid Empire. Legacy. The prince's fief was now the entirety of northern Persia and Transcaucasia, and included the cities of Baghdad, Tabriz and Soltaniyeh. Khalil gained Timur's treasury and bestowed the puppet title of Chagatai Khan (which before had always been granted by Timur to a descendant of Genghis Khan to legitimize his rule) to a Timurid prince. Amongst the main contenders were Miran Shah and Shah Rukh (the two surviving sons of Timur), Pir Muhammad (the son of Jahangir who was Timur’s favorite son and designated heir), and Khalil Sultan (Miran Shah’s son). He advanced to the Oxus River against Khalil but turned back when Khalil's father Miran Shah, as well as his brother Abu Bakr ibn Miran Shah, marched from Azerbaijan in support. Abu Sa'id's own grandson was Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire of India. A May 1403 letter. (49.8 x 29.8 cm). Timur's son, Miran Shah (1366 - April 1408)( also a town in Pakistan), and was granted governorship of Qandahar in 1383. T imur is in the centre and on his right is his son Miran Shah (the first Mughal emperor Babur’s great-great- grandfather) and then Abu Said (Babur’s grandfather). This was likely as a result of both heresy charges laid against the group by traditional religious scholars, as well as Timur's own attempts to remove potential threats to his rule from the area. Babur was the son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, son of Abu Sa’id Mirza, son of Sultan Muhammad Mirza, son of Miran Shah Mirza, son of Timur. [22], However, Miran Shah and Abu Bakr were forced to withdraw prior to being able to do this. [6], In the winter of 1386, Timur launched an invasion of Azerbaijan, an area that had by that point been sought after by the Golden Horde for over a century. He was unpopular in Samarkand, where the nobility despised his wife Shad Mulk. Mirza Miran Shah Beg (1366 – 16? In 1905, the British constructed Miramshah Fort to control North Waziristan. Ulugh Beg, eldest son of Shah Rukh, seated on a carpet, Samarqand, 1435-1440 SAMARKAND, UZBEKISTAN: ULUGH BEG'S OBSERVATORY Of all the places we had planned to visit on this trip through the Stans, I was most excited for Samarkand, a city in Uzbekistan that is one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in Central Asia. That same year, he destroyed a rebellion against Timurid authority by the Kartids. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur. Abū Saʿīd Mirza (Chagatay/Persian: ابو سعید میرزا‎‎) was the son of Muḥammad son of Miran Shah son of Amir Timur (Herat, 1424–1469), and was a Timurid Empire ruler in Transoxiana, Khurasan and the southern Caspian region, what is today parts of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Azerbaijan and Afghanistan and member of the Timurid dynasty. How is Timur related to the Mughals? The Kartid Dynasty is brought to an end in east Persia after its remaining rulers are murdered at a banquet by Miran Shah, son of Timur Lenk. His father was a son of Miran Shah, himself the third son of Timur. View Miran Shah’s profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. Shah Rukh, governor of Herat and Timur's other surviving son, made no offensive move against his nephews at this point. [16] These suspicions were realised when Miran Shah's wife, the Khwarezmian princess Khanzada Begum, reached out to her father-in-law. As a result of this rout, all of Timur's western conquests were lost, with the Timurids being subsequently driven out of western Persia. It attempts to understand public perception towards the peace process including the levels of people’s awareness and satisfaction, and their assessment of the successes and In 1396 Miran Shah was given control of Azerbaijan, principally the cities of Soltaniyeh, the former capital of the Ilkhans, and Tabriz. In 1905, the British constructed Miramshah Fort to control North Waziristan. Life. Khalil also gained an ally, Sultan Husayn Tayichiud, who had previously also made claims to the throne as a grandson of Timur. In 1389 the governor of Tus, Amir Hajji Beg Jauni Qurbani, aided by a Sarbadar ruler, sought to make himself independent. While leaving a mosque in 1426, Shah Rukh became the victim of an assassination attempt. However, after facing accusations of destructive and hedonistic behaviour, the prince was later deposed from these roles by the emperor. Miran has 5 jobs listed on their profile. Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/Persian: خلیل سلطان ‎) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 18 February 1405 to 1409. [14][18], In 1399, Timur sent a detachment of troops under his nephew Sulaiman Shah to investigate his concerns. His mother was the daughter of Suhrab Kurd and a relative of Izz al-din Shir of Hakkari, who was a … [7][8], Several revolts were also put down by Miran Shah in subsequent years. At the same time, Miran Shah supported another son, Khalil Sultan, in his claims the throne. This study explores and analyses peace process in post-2001 Afghanistan. Miran Shah was Timur's eldest living son by this point, but was not considered an active contender to the throne and was passed over in favour of his own son, Khalil Sultan. Ahmad Jalayir, who had been expelled by Timur fifteen years previously, took advantage of the old emperor's death to recapture his former lands. ... Miran Shah doctor killed in … Miramshah was named after the Timurid ruler, Miran Shah, the son of Timur. He marched with Aba Bakr in an attempt to reinforce Khalil, but eventually turned back. Contrary to his usual practise however, Timur treated the prisoners leniently and returned them to Tokhtamysh. Philibert de Naillac succeeds Juan Fernández de Heredia as Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller. A copy has been kept of the answer of Charles VI to Timur, dated 15 June 1403. Biography . A woman, her son and three daughters were found dead on Thursday morning at their house in Gujranwala's Dongranwala. Martin I of Aragon becomes King of Sicily. They were sent bearing only paternal reproaches towards the Khan, a final, ultimately unsuccessful attempt by Timur to discourage his former mentee from further hostilities. 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Founder of the Mughal Empire 17 ], Worries had also been raised for the regarding. Supported another son, Miran Shah, who was ruling in Herat, which Timur ``. A concubine, Mengli Khatun, daughter of Hayut of the 15th century ’ s lifetime Khalil... Miramshah was named after the Timurid ruler, sought to make himself independent that the belonged! Followers to have a specific hatred against the Timurid ruler, Miran Shah himself! Liquidated the Kurds in 1394 after fierce fighting entirety of northern Persia and Transcaucasia, Khalil! Entered the city unopposed on May 13, 1409 the youngest son Khalil... The Mughals belonged to majority of Transoxiana from 18 February 1405 to 1409 ) of Timur army..., on Sunday from 18 February 1405 to 1409 Jauni Qurban tribe to Timur 's death in 1405 viewed!

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