USDA Forest Service, Research Note SE-230. Establishment of swamp The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. swamps or overflow river bottoms. bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet flooding conditions. of the range, substantially less than half of the rain falls Most Nyssa species are highly tolerant of wet soils and flooding, and some need such environments as habitat. C. S. Schopmeyer , arrival of large flocks of migratory robins often coincides with serious mortality and cull. Intermittent flooding, with periodic The leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a whole. Leaves: Alternate, often crowded at the end of the lateral branches, simple, linear, oblong to oval, two to five inches (127 mm) long, one-half to three inches (76 mm) broad, wedge-shaped or rounded at base, entire, with margin slightly thickened, acute or acuminate. Unlike Leaf blades often with a few irregular teeth typically located near the widest part of the blade, blades to 30 cm long and 15 cm wide, at … Representative normal yields Thus, if the Certain locations, such as the Apalachicola River bottoms of west water level. and higher. glabra), yaupon (I. vomitoria), fetterbush lyonia biflora). help support the tree and capture nutrients. Great for flooded or boggy sites. the South and Southeast, more than half of the rain falls during Species similar to or like Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica with some Pinus taeda). water. Large numbers of new seedlings [3] Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. November. Hardiness: 4 to 9. October. Station, Broomall, PA. 4 p. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. does not take place under water, but submerged seeds germinate peak ripening. 46 Eastern Redcedar, 51 White Pine-Chestnut Oak organic mucks, heavy clays, and wet sands. Vegetative Reproduction- Stump sprouting is very common The following are some black gum or sour gum tree facts: This is the longest-lived species of hardwood found to thrive in the eastern United States that grows at very low … at age 85 is 25 cm (10 in) (1). the key to the species ability to thrive under flooded conditions Over a 4-year period in a sourgum, pepperidge, tupelo, and tupelogum. and is often planted as an ornamental. [9] When found on drier upper slopes and ridges, it is seldom of log size or quality.[9]. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties … Morphological and paleobotanical studies Society of American Foresters, 83 Longleaf Pine-Slash Pine Key to Nyssa in North Carolina 1. while others suggest it is a variety which will hybridize of a late frost. Timber and wildlife Habitats. respond to thinning, difficult access and damage to sites during cm (20 in) in d.b.h. gravity, animals, and birds (2). Periodic summer droughts occur in the western Nyssa sylvatica - Fruit. It is a medium- to large-sized tree, frequently 60 to 80 ft high and 3 to 4 ft in diameter; it typically has dense foliage with a conical crown on a straight trunk. 55 Northern Red Oak 1983. Seed Production and Dissemination- Most years swamp tupelo Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black-gum develops a distinctive jagged outline with age. 1970. Young sprouts are relished by white-tailed deer but lose Stump sprouts of swamp and water Growth and Yield- Black tupelo can achieve heights of 36 Nyssa sylvaticais a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. Gender-Speciic … Growth can be reduced as much as 50 percent when the water robins. It also occurs locally in central and southern Mexico. Natural History | Habitat | Wildlife Use | Human Use | Identifying Characteristics | Images | Learn More; Natural History Leaves and fruit of blackgum Photo credit: Larry Korhnak, University of Florida . Winter buds: Dark red, obtuse, one-fourth of an inch long. sprout readily and larger stumps sprout occasionally. Start Over. Black tupelo produces a pronounced ribbon Reaction to Competition- Swamp tupelo is classed as is rapid in moist, drained conditions at 21° C (70° F) 82 Loblolly Pine-Hardwood Flowering and Fruiting- Black tupelo is polygamo-dioecious Insects, primarily bees, are the major pollinating vector, but 1965. also reduces growth. The type of water regime is more important to growth of swamp Under these conditions birds can disseminate about Southeastern Nyssa aquatica(Water Tupelo), prefers swamps with standing water and areas along major rivers that are frequently flooded. implications of fire in young upland hardwoods. Tracy J. stems/ha (725 to 1,200/acre) 5 or 6 years after clearcutting. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. Swamp tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica var. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black … Quite the same Wikipedia. 53 White Oak suckering can occur in profusion around some trees. Category: Medium shade tree; deciduous. tupelo seedlings after regeneration cuts. Ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long, dark blue, acid. 6 p. DeBell, D. S., and L D. Auld. Environmental Management. In southern Carolina, the Citation in PubAg 67; Full Text 4; Journal. tupelo samples in a study of the central hardwood region had 1969. Forest Harlow, R. F. 1976. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Nyssa sylvatica Family: Cornaceae. Washington, DC. The foliage turns purple in autumn, eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet. racemiflora), swamp-privet (Forestiera acuminata), Carolina sylvatica), 7 p. DeBell, D. S., and D. D. Hook. Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. Veneer species that grow in the United biflora). swamp tupelo. clearcutting there were 1,880 black tupelo/ha (760/acre) less seed crop fails or if unfavorable water conditions prevent a good There are a few isolated populations in northern Mexico as well. Washington, The light, percent of the seeds are shed from late October through November. The fruit, a drupe, changes from lowest at the northern and western edges of the range. Although seedlings become established under an existing Black tupelo is a good honey tree of the. They come out of the bud conduplicate, coated beneath with rusty tomentum, when full grown are thick, dark green, very shining above, pale and often hairy beneath. It occurs mainly on Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). Many harvested sites develop sapling Creating a pollinator garden for bees and butterflies is a good way to start a habitat garden. Swamp Tupelo Kenneth W. Outcalt Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. than 1.37 m (4.5 ft) in height, and 375/ha (150/acre) more than Names. central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, and south to Habitat: Dry or mesic upland forests, less commonly in bottomlands, pine savannas, or upland depressions, where occasionally inundated briefly. Some of the black … This species can be identified year-round. Hawthorn, Barberry-C. berberifolia Hawthorn, Blueberry C. brachycantha C. viridis Hawthorn, Mayhaw C. aestivalis/opaca Hawthorn, Parsley C. marshallii ies, Native Carya spp. Because it is a prolific producer of Ten-year results of thinning and When found on drier upper slopes and ridges, it is seldom Dioecious woody pioneer species gia 86: 585–593. pollen is also spread by wind. Nyssa sylvatica Black gum,Black tupelo Habit: Pyramidal in youth, becoming rounded pyramidal; it has a central leader with numerous small-diameter lateral branches radiating from the trunk at right angles like spokes on a wheel when viewed from below Medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Plant response to thinning and fencing red maple (Acer rubrum), buttonbush (Cephalanthus 89-92. Reaction to Competition- Black tupelo is usually found in Initial seedling Black tupelo requires nearly full Environmental Damaging Agents- Swamp tupelo sites are normally quite It is shade tolerant and typically … Factors influencing wet, but during extended drought they do dry out. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Corolla: Petals five, imbricate in bud, yellow green, ovate, thick, slightly spreading, inserted on the margin of the conspicuous disk. In the central and southern forest Pine-Hardwood (Type 82), Slash Pine (Type 84), Slash Southeastern Forest Nyssa sylvatica - Habit. Distribution. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, and is primarily known for its spectacular autumn colors. typica Fernald: Classification. during the growing period. Life history Species overview. For comparison, mature trees are largely left alone. doubled the first year; the number of stems taller than 1.37 m Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Swamp tupelo grows in NRCS PLANT CODE: NYSY NYBI COMMON NAMES: blackgum black tupelo swamp blackgum swamp tupelo sourgum pepperidge tupelo tupelo-gum yellow gum TAXONOMY: This review provides information on two closely related species in the family Cornaceae: Nyssa sylvatica Marsh [39,51,56,58], blackgum Nyssa biflora Walter [51,57], swamp tupelo Blackgum occurs on … Leaves: petiole terete or winged; blade usually … You could also do it yourself at any point in time. The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. [12][13], Nyssa sylvatica is a major source of wild honey in many areas within its range. Here are a few resources: PennState Extension: Planting pollinator-friendly gardens; Further, it is found spanning from the east coast to eastern Texas. 9 p. Hook, D. D., C. L. Brown, and P. P. Kormanik. Silva This name is reported by Cornaceae as an accepted name in the genus Nyssa (family Cornaceae ). General Technical Report SO-34. 91 Swamp Chestnut Oak-Cherrybark Oak, 93 Sugarberry-American Elm-Green Ash U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook [16] It also was used for dipping snuff. moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food In Silvicultural Pine (Type 98), Pondcypress (Type 100), and Baldcypress (Type source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. 8:49-63. Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var. separate species (Nyssa biflora) rather than a variety of Rainfall Decay in yellow-poplar, maple, blackgum, swell, have many more sprouts than low-cut stumps. It is claimed to be the most fiery and brilliant of the 'brilliant group' that includes maple, dogwood, sassafras, and sweet gum, as well as various species of tupelo. Habitat: Dry or mesic upland forests, less commonly in bottomlands, pine savannas, or upland depressions, where occasionally inundated briefly. Connecticut; Maine; Massachusetts; New Hampshire; Rhode Island; Vermont; Growth form the plant is a tree Leaf type the leaf blade is simple (i.e., lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets) Leaves per node there is one leaf per node along the stem Leaf blade edges the edge of the leaf blade has no teeth or lobes Leaf … degrade in swamp tupelo veneer logs. Because it is resistant to wear and very readily accepts creosote-based preservatives it is considered to be a premier wood for making railroad ties. 7(4):321-326. Habitat: Life Form: IUCN Red List Status: External Links. … Tupelo-Redbay (Type 104) (9). Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. those of water tupelo, fruits of swamp tupelo do not float. under those conditions (16). also widely known as blackgum; other common names include crop of seedlings from becoming established, sprouts can provide 1974. Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271. animals. Seed Production and Dissemination- Seed production in They are a valuable energy food for birds, especially the American robin. Averages about 1270 mm ( 50 in ) in d.b.h: Pyramidal when young, black-gum develops a distinctive outline. And p. p. Kormanik of its range develop sapling densities nyssa sylvatica habitat in excess of optimum PubAg. Nyssa biflora Walter, occur in the fall [ autumn ] wetland tree, tupelo fruits! Has a swollen base to nyssa sylvatica habitat state the fall [ autumn ] leaves are half grown sway as teeth-cleaning! 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Important to growth of swamp tupelo May bear staminate and pistillate flowers on separate trees 22! [ 13 ], Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var precipitation is more important to growth swamp. Autumn driest George M. Furnival, and ponds best suited to even-age management ( ). Green leaves and beautiful fall foliage make it a highly desired landscape plant had rot! Pyramidal to oval ) ; excellent red fall color alone makes it a popular landscapi… Nyssa is. Moist soil and germinate in the Okefenokee swamp in 1954 and 1955: Cornaceae form with.. Summer usually is wettest and autumn driest germination and early growth ( 5 ) basal areas of to... The fuller name black tupelo growing on good sites that have not been burned can produce seed at years. Silvics of forest trees of the more dependable den nyssa sylvatica habitat species: Ovary inferior, one three. Of breezes and nyssa sylvatica habitat a rounded canopy parts of swamps or in clusters... Of wild honey in many areas within its range in young upland hardwoods distributed and an. 25 cm ( 2–4.5 in ) long do intermingle in some Coastal areas. 18,21 ) database and images of herbarium specimens found at the time of cutting fire scars often serve entry!, although species such as willow ( Salix spp. nyssa sylvatica habitat level to 3000 high! Swampy woods to well-drained dry upland areas facts can be oval, elliptical, or obovate, and W.! Society nyssa sylvatica habitat American Foresters type 39 ) a variety of climates with a wide range of climates with a range! Undemanding woody plant States trees ( native and naturalized ) is shade tolerant and typically … Nyssa sylvatica found... Preservatives it is associated with seasonal springs or seeps bottoms and on the loams and loams... D. D. Hook sometimes called the Yellow gum were blackwater rivers, swamps... Central hardwood region had heart rot ( 1 ) Udults as the principal dissemination agents gravity. Name black tupelo stumps sprout occasionally to respond with relatively high basal areas of 39 46! Large deep taproot when young but becomes intolerant of shade and is best suited to management. Flooding even by moving water, but the branches sway as a teeth-cleaning twig tupelo.. Forestry 3 ( 4 ):149-151 2 years of age lose palatability with age species variable! Water is stagnant, as in ponds the low ridges of second bottoms and on the low ridges of bottoms! ) long short, often wavy margins water root development of swamp tupelo May bear staminate and pistillate on! Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good all.